In September 2013 and October, Xi proposed the strategic concept of building the "Silk Road Economic Belt" and "the maritime Silk Road in twenty-first Century" respectively. The two were referred to as "one belt and one road", which originated in China. Through Central Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, Western Asia and some parts of Europe, it will become the longest economic corridor in the world. The persistent optimism of the company has attracted worldwide attention and the recognition and support of nearly 60 countries along the line. It has achieved many fruitful results in the course of nearly three years'development, and is now steadily advancing.
According to the "big data report along the way (2016)" information, the "one belt and one road" policy in the process of promoting the most attention of the five industries, the building materials industry is impressively listed. As a member of the building materials industry, with the promotion of the policy of "one belt and one road", the wood processing industry has been moving towards the new journey of "going out and importing".
Changes of Overseas Wood Industry
With the advance of the "one belt and one way" policy, China's support policy for overseas timber industry is improving day by day, and the scale of overseas timber enterprises has been expanding, operating increasingly standardized and increasing competitiveness. Overseas timber and wood products industry investment has entered a period of rapid development, and investment areas have expanded from point to face, and countries have expanded from developing countries to developed countries, from Africa to Africa. National investment has expanded to invest in developed countries such as France, but forest-rich areas such as Russia, Africa and Indonesia are still the key areas for investment; and investment forms of overseas timber industry are gradually diversified, from timber harvesting to logging, processing, planting and park construction, and from returning China to selling to the global market, from timber preliminary processing. Turn to furniture manufacturing, design diversification expansion mode, etc.
Change of timber import and export situation
Under the influence of the "one belt and one way" policy, China has become the main import and export market of the top ten trading countries along the way, including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Singapore, Vietnam, Malaysia, India, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines and Russia (ranking No. 1). Under the impetus of the "one belt and one way" policy, China's timber import and export trade is booming, and the "zone" announced in mid April. With the help of the "big data interpretation of foreign trade development of provinces, municipalities and municipalities", there are statistics that the export of furniture and bedding in 2016 has reached US $19 billion 340 million, and wood and wood products and charcoal imports have reached US $8 billion 330 million, ranking the top in the list of import and export volume.
However, with the deepening of the relationship between China and the timber import and export trade in these countries, any change in the policies of timber import and export in the countries along the belt will have a great impact on China's timber market. For example, at the beginning of this year, Russia issued certain specifications of birch export prohibition order, and plans to further expand the scope of the export ban on timber, which directly affected the birch city of China. Market supply and demand and price.
Increased risks and challenges
The "one belt and one way" policy has attracted worldwide attention and the recognition and support of nearly 60 countries along the route. China's timber and wood products industry has also received wide attention from the international community. At the beginning, China's timber industry mostly adopted extensive management mode of exploitation and deprivation, such as cutting local forests and transporting them back to China's production. China's timber industry has put forward higher requirements, and the challenge of deepening the "going out" strategy is intensified.
In addition, the strategic game among big powers, the differences in religious beliefs and cultures between the countries along the border, the doubts of some neighboring countries on China's "one belt and one road" intentions, trade barriers set up by developed countries, low transport efficiency, imperfect state related supporting policies and incentive mechanisms, and the weak enterprise development capability all make China's timber industry face intensification. Risks and challenges.
Faced with challenges, China's timber industry needs to return to the improvement of its own capabilities. Firstly, timber enterprises need to seek transformation and upgrading, from mainly producing labor products to mainly producing high-tech products, upgrading technology and equipment, cultivating professional talents familiar with international investment knowledge and local conditions of host countries, improving added value of products, enhancing international competitiveness, etc. Not only should it have the managerial and technological capabilities, but also have social responsibilities and environmental responsibilities, attach importance to environmental protection and attach importance to the construction of environmental protection, and be responsible for the regional environment after "going out". Finally, timber enterprises can actively play the role of trade associations, get relevant information of the "along the way" along the road from the association, and pay close attention to the state related "one belt and one road". Policy changes and project landing, relying on the national level, seek development opportunities in emerging markets!
Embracing change and meeting challenges, we believe that China's timber industry will be able to lead a more vigorous development path under the "one belt and one road".